Streets of Asmara

Travel to Asmara – The Capital of Eritrea

Asmara is the capital city and largest settlement in Eritrea. It borders both the northwestern edge of the Great Rift Valley and of the Eritrean highlands. Asmara was born out of a union of four villages that took place during the twelfth century.

Locals say that there were originally four clans living in the Asmara area on the Kebessa Plateau: Gheza Gurtom, Gheza Shelele, Gheza Serenser and Gheza Asmae. It is said that the men united the four clans and defeated the bandits who preyed on the area. After the victory, a new name was given to the place, Arbaete Asmera untl the “Arbaete” was dropped and it became known as Asmara.

Asmara is known for its Art Deco and colonial Italian architecture. However, other attractions in the city include the Cathedral, a number of churches and mosques, the National Avenue with its numerous cafes and bars, the Asmara Theatre, the Nda Mariam Catholic Cathedral, the National Museum and the Town Hall.
Also nearby is Martyrs National Park, a mountaineous forest and wildife preserve at the ridge of the highland plateau.

Head to the outskirts of the city to see stunning scenery where you can go hiking and climbing, or visit the city’s markets to witness local life in Eritrea.

There are numerous buses and taxis that you can use to get around the city.

  • See the renowned colonial Italian architecture.
  • Explore the surrounding area where you can hike.
  • Visit numerous churches and cathedrals.


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