South Sudan – Tours in the World’s Newest Nation
At midnight on 9th July 2011 South Sudan became the 193rd country recognised by the UN and the 54th UN member state in Africa. After years of civil war with its northern Sudan neighbour, 99% of the population voted for independence. This new country is rich in oil, but is one of the least developed countries in the world and needs all the help it can get. There are few undiscovered countries left on earth, but this is now one of them. Only fit for travel for true Sudan adventure tour seekers, aid-workers and risk-averse investors, South Sudan is larger than Spain and Portugal combined and is covered by green swathes of grassland, swamps and tropical forest. Located on the banks of the mighty White Nile, Juba is the nation’s capital.
South Sudan gained independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011 as the outcome of a 2005 peace deal that ended Africa’s longest-running civil war. An overwhelming majority of South Sudanese voted in a January 2011 referendum to secede and become Africa’s first new country since Eritrea split from Ethiopia in 1993. The new nation stands to benefit from inheriting the bulk of Sudan’s oil wealth, but continuing disputes with Khartoum and a lack of economic development cloud its immediate future.
Formed from the 10 southern-most states of Sudan, South Sudan is a land of expansive grassland, swamps and tropical rain forest straddling both banks of the White Nile. It is highly diverse ethnically and linguistically. Among the largest ethnic groups are the Dinka, Nuer and Shilluk. Unlike the predominantly Muslim population of Sudan, the South Sudanese follow traditional religions, while a minority are Christians.
Long based on subsistence agriculture, South Sudan’s economy is now highly oil-dependent. While an estimated 75% of all the former Sudan’s oil