Located in Murchison Falls National Park, Murchison Falls (also known as Kabalega or Kabarega Falls) are one of Africa’s greatest natural wonders. At the top of Murchison Falls, the Nile forces its way through a 7m gap in the rocks and tumbles 45m down, then flows westward into Lake Albert. The outlet of Lake Victoria sends around 300 cubic metres per second of water over the falls, squeezed into a gorge less than 10m wide.
Sir Samuel Baker, who in 1864 was the first European to see the falls, named them after Sir Roderick Murchison, president of the Royal Geographical Society. During the regime of Idi Amin in the 1970’s the name was changed to Kabarega Falls, after the Omukama (King) Kabarega of Bunyoro, although this was never legally recognised. The name reverted to Murchison Falls following the downfall of Idi Amin.