Cape Floral Region

Travel to Cape Floral Region – A Biodiversity Hotspot

Thanks to the outstanding diversity, density, and characteristics of its flora, the Cape Floral region is one of the most visited places in South Africa and one of the richest areas for plants compared to any similar sized area in the world.

The Cape Floral Region was declared as UNESCO World Site Heritage in 2004 and it is the only floristic region of the Cape (South African) Floristic Kingdom it and includes only one floristic province which is known as the Cape floristic province.

This region is made up of eight protected areas, covering 553 000 hectares and extending eastward into the Eastern Cape Province, a transitional zone between the winter-rainfall region to the west and the summer-rainfall region to the east in KwaZulu-Natal Province.

The species density in the Cape Floral Region is also amongst the highest in the world. It displays the highest levels of endemism and it has been identified as one of the world’s 18 biodiversity hot spots.

The World Wildlife Fund divides the cape floristic region into three ecoregions: the Lowland fynbos and renosterveld, Montane fynbos and renosterveld, and Albany thickets. The fynbos ecoregions are designated one of the Global 200 priority ecoregions for conservation.

The areas included in the Cape Floral Region are the Table Mountain National Park, the Cederberg, Boosmansbos and Groot Winterhoek wilderness area, the Boland Mountain Complex, De Hoop Nature Reserve, and the Swartberg and Baviaanskloof conservation area. Also within the region you can see numerous flora species including daisies, coastal scrubland and Afromontane forest.

Activities in the Cape Floral Region include walking and bird watching. Here you may spot the sugar bird as well as other wildlife such as tortoise and a number of antelope species.

Relax in the region by bird watching or generally soaking up the atmosphere and enjoying all the different endemic plant species that you’ll find here.

  • See numerous endemic plant species.
  • Spot birds, tortoises and antelopes.
  • Explore dramatic and varied landscapes.


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