Buses connect major towns and cities in Tanzania, with smaller minivans (dala dalas) servicing the smaller villages. There is often a choice between a more expensive Express Bus and the ordinary service which is slower and makes more frequent stops. Tickets for main bus routes can be bought before the day of travel from the bus station booking office. To take a dala dala simply flag one down.
Taxis can be found in all main towns and cities. Vehicles are not metered so fares should be negotiated before starting the trip.
Both international agencies and local companies have car hire offices in Dar Es Salaam and other major cities. Always check the companies policy on breakdowns before booking. Road conditions throughout the country vary enormously and in bad weather roads can deteriorate completely, ensure that you are prepared. Keep your petrol tank full when possible as fuel can be hard to find in some towns and remote areas.
Driving is on the left. Accidents are common in Tanzania and the standard of driving amongst local people is generally poor, particularly at night.
Train travel in Tanzania is both an efficient way to travel and also an enjoyable way to see more of the country. In recent years rail travel has improved in both service and quality. First and Second class cabins are available with bedding provided on sleeper trains. Always ensure that you keep an eye on your luggage and keep windows closed at night. Trains are operated by Tazara (Tanzania-Zambia Railway Authority ) from Dar es Salaam to Mbeya and then onwards into Zambia. Tanzania Railway Corporation operate a service from Dar es Salaam to Kigoma and Mwanza, with branch lines from Tabora to Mpanda and Dodoma to Singida.
Ferries operate on several routes in Tanzania. From Dar Es Salaam you can take a ferry to both Zanzibar and Pemba, there are several ferries daily to Zanzibar with a journey time of less than 2 hours. Ferries also run on Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyasa. Most ferry companies are privately owned and run and comply with national safety regulations and procedures.
Tuk tuks, motorised buggies, operate in many cities. The driver sits at the front and there is room for 2-3 passengers in the rear.
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